Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income were put into law to protect and help those with certain medical impairments. Not everyone is entitled to these benefits, but if you meet certain conditions, your claim should not be denied. Let's look at the list of impairments that qualify an applicant.
Conditions that typically qualify for Social Security Disability include musculoskeletal dysfunctions such as bone, joint and back conditions, sense and speech impediments, such as blindness or deafness and cardiovascular and digestive tract issues like coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure, and liver disease. This also includes neurological impairments such as M.S., cerebral palsy, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease and blood and immune system disorders such as hemophilia, sickle cell disease, HIV and AIDS, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis as well as kidney disease. Conditions do not need to be physical conditions, as mental conditions such as anxiety, schizophrenia, autism, depression or intellectual disabilities are also accepted.
Even if your condition is not met, not all hope is lost, although the path is a little more complex. Essentially, you need to prove that the condition limits your residual functional capacity, or RFC. This means they will look at what you can still do, despite your limitations.
If you can medically determine that your condition is considered an impairment, you may still qualify. You may need to provide physical examinations, notes and reports of past and current treatments, as well as records such as x-rays, CAT scans, MRIs, blood reports and mental health records to the Social Security Administration for consideration for your Social Security disability.
Source: Findlaw.com, "Medical Conditions that Qualify You for Disability Claims," Accessed on July 14, 2015